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History of Nadiad city

Places of Religious Interest

Santram Mandir (Temple)

This temple is one of the biggest and popular temple in the district. Countless people visit this temple. On the Full moon night of each Maha month (according to the Hindu calender) as well as during the Festival of Janmashtmi, the temple hosts Fairs which are visited by thousands of people.

Many learned orators come during this time to the temple and their lectures are organized for the benefit of the inhabitant of the town. The temple has also built Santram Kanyashala (Girls High School). For the public, open water taps have been installed. There are 152 such water taps. There is a playground for children.

Swaminarayan Temple

In the month of March in 1824 A.D., one English Priest had come to Nadiad under the guidance of the President of Baroda, Mr. Williams. That time the Founder of the Swaminarayan Sect, Shree Sahajanand Swami himself had come to Nadiad accompanied by a Koli horse-rider Thakor in 1802 and met with Rev. Heber at the government office.

That time, that office was known as ‘Valanda ni Kacheri’ (office of the Dutch). In the present times, the building is known as Shankar Badani Haveli could not have been the said ‘Valanda ni Haveli’ as there is no space for 200 horses to harness here.

This meeting must have taken plave at the “Juni Haveli’ (old villa) at the Harida Hospital. During this meeting, Shree Sahajanand Swami had extended invitation to Rev. Heber and Mr. Williams to attend the religious thread ceremony of his nephew. Many had become followers of Shree Sahajanad Swami and he ordered a temple to be built on road to ‘Amdavadi Bazaar’. Many people visit this temple.

Shri Narayan Temple

In the center of the town, near Harakhjee’s Haveli (villa) was built by the Gaekwad in 1858 (according to the Hindu calender). Malharrao had obtained Borsad and Nadiad for his upkeep. It is still known as the ‘Malhar paru’ (Malhar Suburb). In 1858,

(according to the Hindu calender), Malharrao had to run in the direction of Kadi. Due to this event, the construction of temple was undertaken by Ratan Shethani (from the Haribhakti Family of Baroda).

The idol in this temple seems to have been an imitation of the idol of Dakore. The masons and craftsmen working on the temple were put up in the ‘Diwankhana’ (near Harakhjee Patel). The brick-making place for making the temple bricks later on became Ratan Talav (the Ratan Lake)

Town-GovernmentOffices Hall

During this time the fear of muslim raids arose and one Khedawal kept the temple idol in his house so that it could be protected.

Ratan Shethani arranged that the Khedawal will be one on the five priests of the temple and till date, one of the priests of the temple is a ‘Khedawal’. This temple is located in the center of the town and attracts many visitors.

The temple is beautiful with sculptures, marble-work, detailed stone-work, wall paintings, two ‘dipmalas’. There is ‘anmakut’ on the Hindu new year day in this temple and the tradition has it that it has to be looted by the devotees. (‘anmakut’ is a very sumptuous food offering to the god)

Vaishnav Haveli

There exists a Haveli (villa) of the descendents of the Founder of Vaishnav Sect, Shree Vallabhacharya.

Once upon a time, the same ‘acharya’ (learned chief priest) sat on both Nadiad and Jamnagar Havelis of the Vaishnav Sect.

Kheda Congress Committee Seva Temple

Goswami’s Temple (known as ‘Sat Swarupi Haveli’)

Bihardas Ajubhai Desai was the house in which Purshottam Das was born and to celebrate this birth, the land for this temple in Arhadvaga was made available. The Banias of the ‘Nagar Kui’ had taken special interest in the making of this temple.

In 1937 (Hindu calender) a ‘chhappan bhog’ ceremony had taken place in this temple in presence of Vrajratanlalji Goswami. That time many people from the surrounding villages had come to the temple and there was much disorder due to the presence to the large population.

Mota Kamnath Mahadev

Mota Kamnath Mahadev

It seems that this temple is ancient. It is in the South of the town neat the Railway line. This temple existed during the Peshwa rule. Food was made available for street dogs and cows’ grass from the income of the temple.

The location of this temple is very beautiful. Arrangement of sitting benches is made thre and many people visit this temple. In the West-South of the railway station is located the Roman Catholic Church. One school is also built here n the compound of the Old Church.

Adjoining the church compound is the country road to villages like Dumral, Piplaj, Gutal etc. the first ‘nala’ towards the city is called the ‘third garnala’. North to this country road is the temple of Vageshwari Goddess. A small ‘dharamshala’ and garden is located in the temple compound. Nearby are the fields for agriculture.

In the West-South of the railway station is located the Roman Catholic Church. One school is also built here n the compound of the Old Church. Adjoining the church compound is the country road to villages like Dumral, Piplaj, Gutal etc.

The first ‘nala’ towards the city is called the ‘third garnala’. North to this country road is the temple of Vageshwari Goddess. A small ‘dharamshala’ and garden is located in the temple compound. Nearby are the fields for agriculture.

“Mai Mandir’ which has become known in last few years is located just behind to the North of the ‘Vageshwari Goddesss’ temple. The East-West road from here goes to Pij and 100 feet from here is the bungalow of Swami Shivanand Public Trust.

Swami Shivanand had this bungalow built from public funds and after his death; the visiting monks used this bungalow. The famous monk Swami Bikshu Akhandanandji also stayed here till the end of his days.

Further North near the ‘First Garnala’ is the second road of bullock-cart going to Pij from Nadiad. There is open station land and newly constructed houses of the railway; on the Western side are the bungalows and a residential are called ‘Patel Society’.

America Methodist Mission Church

Going straight comes the old ‘garnala’ to Dabhan, on the West of which is the Congress Samiti Building (called Seva Mandir). On the West of the Seva Mandir are bungalows and the office of Civil Supplies.

On the North of these bungalows are important offices of local, district schools and District Local Board (which has a hall named after Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Vitthalbhai Patel). In the West is the road Nadiad-Kheds-Ahmedabad. Nearby are the houses of Christian brothers near which is the Chiristian Dispensary and the Big Church are located.

After the Mission Area, Ram Talavdi is located. On its West-North direction is located Arvind Society. The Power House and Grid and Staff-quarters (well-built) are the furthest point of the town. In front of the Local Board is the office of the city’s Electric Company Office and Power House. The old powerhouse building stands unused here.

Next to the crossing in the North is the famous ‘Hindu Anathashram’ of Nadiad. Further on the North of the ‘anathashram’ are the buildings of Talukdari Hostel. To the South is the ground of the road going to Kapadvanj. Near the ground here are located two petrol pumps.

If one goes on the Nadiad-Kapadvanj road then one finds the famous New Shorok Mills of Textile of Nadiad. Opposite it is located the ‘City Gymkhana’, Mafatlal Pavilion and ground. To the East of the Gymkhana ground is the locality of ‘Khad Vaghri’ community.

Two Ferlongs on the road to Kapadvanj is located the District Sessions Court and the House of the District Judge. Further is the bungalow of the Nadiad area Police Head. It is on the same road that is located the famous Workshop of S.T. (State Transport). Next to the S.T. Workshop is the S.T. Guest House. The Northern side of the town extends to this S.T. Workshop.

If you see to the East from the railway station then you see the ‘Sub-Jail’ built in 1936-37 and its wall. Here are many stalls of tea, hotels, restaurants, ‘bhajyas’, etc. just outside the railway station, 50 steps away is the Central Bus Station of S.T. the main building of the Nadiad area S.T. are also located here. One sees rows of buses here, filled with passengers.

Just East of the Sub-Jail is the Town Hall that has a tower on it. Walking East of the station on the road known as the ‘Station Road’, to the South is the Jail and to the East are ‘Mamlatdar’s Office’ and office complex of the police of Areas A and B of Nadiad.

Police-lines and First Class Magistrate’s Court in the North and in the Northwest corner is the government Travel-Bungalow. North from here is the garden called ‘Jubilee Bag’. This is a public garden. On the East side of this garden is the lake on the bank of which there is a Graveyard of Muslims.

The road in the South of Mamlatdar’s Office turns into three roads and the residential areas of the city begin here. The city Telegraph Office, Post-Office, City High School etc. is on the road going to the East and goes in the Centre of the town at Amba Mata, Mahalaxmi Mata, Dahi Library, Patel Ground etc. and touching the Centre of the town goes to ChaklasThi Border. here are no bazaars or shops on this road.

This is a residential area. Nagars, Patels, Banias, Kansaras (metal utensil makers), Desais etc. live in these areas. The road goes and meets C.J. Company and on the further East5 side touches the Nadiad-Dakore road.

Desai Vago is in the South and Por is on the North of this road. Even today, two important I.C.S. Officers of India come from this Desai Vago. Many Desais had worked as Prime Ministers wit the Princely States. Sardar Patel was also born in this Deas Vago.

Patels pf Por are progressing very well in the business of ‘bidi’ (from tobacco). To the East of the railway station the three roads entering into the city are located ‘Salun’ gate. On this road are the most important bazaars of the town are located (along the shops). First of all on the station road is the bazaar of grains – oil – jiggery. In a lane to the West are Prabhat Cinema and Laxmi Cinema.

‘Saraswati Highway School’ is just besides this. As this road takes a turn to the East, Dabhan Border Chowki which is near ‘Juno pipla no chotro’ (old pipal tree and resting place). Rukshmani Tower that is located in ‘Sathodara Nagar Community). From here on the main road is Amdavadi Bazaar that has shops of provisions, sugar, tea, snacks; kerosene etc. there is a ‘parabdi’ on this road, which goes further to ‘Vohravad’.

From here one road goes towards the South areas of the town. The third road leads to old gate known as ‘Amdavadi Darvaja’ (gate). District Home Guards Office is on the first storey of a building here. Nadiad Town Municipality Schools Association Office is also here. Next to the gate is the building of the municipality office.

On entering the East side, on the way to the Vohravad is the building of the Municipal Dispensary. Opposite is the Native General Library or todays’ Gokaldas Bapu Library. The same road turn south is the Government Decreed Taluka Market Yard of Nadiad. Here farmers come from surrounding villages to sell raw goods.

The goods are sold by auction here. To the East of this market yard is the famous Muleshvaar Lake on the bank of which is the Kalkamata Temple. This temple may be regarded as the end of the Eastern side of the town. A small garden is located in the temple premises.

The road going to the East turning into three roads of which the Southern most is called the Santram Road. This road goes to the Santram Temple and to the North is Malav Lake. This road goes to Anand. Here on the East-North side is the Khushaldas Tower of the Dumaral Bazaar.

The road leading into the town crosses Dumral Bazaar via Lakawad Party, Rajaji Pati, Sandi Chaklu etc. turns into Patidar area. Next to Dhumral Bazaar is the Gopal Cinema. On the West side of which is the Fire Station. All buses coming from Anand stop here. On this Nadiad-Anand road is located the crematorium of Hindus.

Ayurvedic Hospital. J & J College, C.B. Patel Arts College buildings are also on the Nadiad-Anand highway. This may be considered the Southern most end of the town.

The area of the town to the South of the town has Underao Lake on which is located the ‘Chayeshwar Mahadev’. On the same road is the Grand Primary School building ordered by the Santaram Maharaj (Head Priest of the Santram Temple). The same road reaches to the South to the ‘Vitthal Kanya Vidhyalaya’. The road next to the primary school reaches after one mile to the Kamnath Mahadev. This spot is popular among morning-evening walkers and visitors.

At the Southwestern end of the town are Police Lines and the Parade Grounds of the Police. To the East of the parade ground is the Dalal Vitthaldas Somchand Public Gymnasium said to be one of the first gymnasium in Gujarat. To the further South are the bungalows of Santram Society.

If one leaves the suburbs and comes to the residential areas of the town, then one finds Desai Vago in the Southeast where largely Desais and Patidars live. This area is known as ‘chaklashi pati’; exactly to the East is the area of Por farmers. Once depressed, this area has become prosperous due to good business in ‘bidi’ –tobacco. Maddabari and Mogulkot are the central areas of the town.

Originally the town had settled in the East; the town has been shifting while developing from the ‘Bhairav Temple’ at the Eastern end. That business and development takes place along the railway line can be seen in the case of the town of Nadiad very clearly. Both Maddabari and Mogulkot are not only the oldest parts of the town but also a historical part of the town and physically higher compared to other parts of the town.

Mogulkot gets its name from the fact that Mogul Offices used to be located here. As this place is physically higher than the rest of the town, the water tank o f the town is also located right here. This water tank is the tallest structure of the water-works department and is an impressive building. The oldest high school of the district too is located here.

The newly constructed Late Maneklal Chaganlal Vora Primary school is right next to it. To the east of the primary school is located are Basudiwala Public High School and New English School. This is the educational area of middle school and above. It may be noted that originally this land was the ‘vadi’ land of the ‘banias’ of the town, which has come to be used to build schools.

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